Monday, July 29, 2013

Speech Act Theory: Taxanomies of Acts and Multiple functions & indirect acts



            Taxanomies of Acts
Although Austin (1962: chapter 12) proposes a classification of speech acts, Searle (1979), argues that Austin’s taxonomy does not maintain a clear distinction between illocutionary verbs and acts.
Five classes of speech acts:
  1. Representative, such as asserting (penegasan), description
            “The earth is round.”
            Boss: “This isn’t your private army.”
  1. Directives, such as requesting
            “Don’t touch that!”
  1. Commissives, such as promising
            “I’m going to get it right next time.”
  1. Expressive, such as thanking, apology
            “I’m really sorry”
  1. Declarative, such as appointing
            Priest: I now pronounce you husband and wife.
            Boss: I’m telling you to go by the book.