Sunday, February 24, 2013

Politeness and Interaction on Pragmatics



Politeness and Interaction on Pragmatics
Book of “Pragmatics” by George Yule

Chapter 7



A linguistics interaction is necessarily a social interaction.
Interaction occurs when speaker and listener are active.
            Factors which relate to social distance and closeness are established prior to an interaction. Typically, social distance and closeness involve the relative status of the participants, based on social values tied to such things as age and power.
            However, there are other factors, such as amount of imposition or degree of friendliness, which are often negotiated during an interaction. These are internal to the interaction and can result in the initial social distance changing and being marked as less, or more, during its course. These internal factors are typically more relevant to participants whose social relationships are actually in the process o being worked out within the interaction.

Saturday, February 23, 2013

Pragmatics Implicit meaning



Pragmatics Implicit meaning:
Grice’s theory of conversational implicature
From the Book of “Doing Pragmatics” by Peter Grundy

Implicature: implicit meaning but could be understand (tidak dinyatakan tapi dapat dipahami)
Entailment: first sentence true then second sentence is true
Context: Relationship must be understand
Inference: Conclusion
Conventional Meaning
Flout: pelanggaran
Relevance: keterkaitan
Scalar implicature
Defeasibility
Historical pragmatics

Psycholinguistics WRITING SYSTEM




Psycholinguistics: WRITING SYSTEM

Some terms should be recognizing in writing system:
-          a writing system: a method of writing such as the alphabet
-          a script: a form of writing (Arabic script, Greek script)
-          an orthography : The writing conventions of a particular language.

Three different types of writing system are in this world, which are:
  1. Alphabetic system: read as its character (Latin character or Arabic character)

Friday, February 22, 2013

Psycholinguistics: Lexical Storage



Psycholinguistic: Lexical Storage

A5.Page15
Lexical Storage: how the words are storage and its relationship to others words.
When we said an ‘orange’, then our mind will find other close words which are related to the word of ‘orange’.
Retrieve: is a process of finding a new word in our mind when we get the word. We can use a close meaning or a close form to get a close relationship in our new word.

Thursday, February 21, 2013

Pragmatics : COOPERATION AND IMPLICATURE






Pragmatics : COOPERATION AND IMPLICATURE

Cooperation: both speaker and listeners has similar understanding to their conversation
Implicature: Expression of the listeners in responding the speaker. Another description is less and general of the statement but the meaning is general.
For example:
In the middle of the lunch, a woman asks her friends about his lunch. Then her friend responds by
“a vegetable is a vegetable”
Then the woman is understand, what her friend expression.