Sunday, November 18, 2012

Introduction to Psycholinguistics


Below psycholinguistics articles is about psycholinguistic theory based on John Field Psycholinguistics Books, published by Routledge in 2003 (A Resource book for students). Chapter A1 is about Introduction: key concepts in psycholinguistics, where psycholinguistics theory on, psycholinguistics: what is it? According the chapter report, some definition of psycholinguistics are mention in below my chapter report of my handbook of psycholinguistics subjects, Written by John Field. After my subjects in psycholinguistics programs, my lecture also asks me to offer on psycholinguistics research topics.

Psycholinguistics John Field Book Cover
Psycholinguistics by John Field


In the next series of my learning note on introduction to psycholinguistics, some psycholinguistics definition and psycholinguistic theory could be mention. And in my lecture, I am also having a psychology related to psycholinguistic. And also there is Noam Chomsky psycholinguistics in below paragraph. Some study also study on psychology research online, neurolinguistics, applied psycholinguistics, and sociolinguistics, but in my psycholinguistics articles below there is no about that.

Introduction to Psycholinguistics
A1 Psycholinguistics: what is it?
Psycho is about mind
Psycholinguistics vs Sociolinguistics
Psycholinguistics treats the human as individual, while sociolinguistics treats human as represented of the society.

There are two interconnected goals related to psycholinguistics:
1. Established an understanding of the process which underlies the system we call language.
2. Examined the language as a product of the human mind and thus as evidence op the way in which human beings organise thoughts and impose patterns upon their experience.

Ferdinand de Saussure is a Swiss linguist and lecturer in French.
Parau and langgah, Introduction to Psycholinguistics
Parau is about what is utterance and Langgah is about reasoning in utterance.

Noam Chomsky is American Linguist.
Chomsky says about competence (grammatically)
Tacit = Know how to speak, but do not know how to explain

Introduction to Psycholinguistics
Research in Linguistics
There are six major areas in psycholinguistics, which are:
  1. Language processing
Study about how the language is process. For example: why the baby calls their mother as “mama”. Linguistically, the baby is easier to produce vowel words rather than consonant words.
  1. Language Storage and Access
There are short and long memory store in our brain.
When someone identify about “key”, then the brain will store the word “key”, including the image of the “key”, how to pronounce it, function of “key” and etc. The brain will access the word “key” when someone needs to talk or remind about “key”.
  1. Comprehension theory
Basically, our head (mind) have a similar global meaning. The human have an agreement to refer something, known as arbitrary.
Indonesian have a word “kursi”, English as “chair”, or Germany as “Stull”, those words in psycholinguistics study, calls as expansion (variation on pronunciation but have a similar meaning). Principally, the words “chair”, will take about something that we can sit on it.
  1. Language and The Brain
Study on neurological activity corresponds when people are reading, listening or speaking.
  1. Language in Exceptional Circumstance
Study on the words for the people (infants) who need special needs. How they produce their language?
  1. First Language Acquisition
Study on the process of acquiring the language for the infants. This research also study on any stages in developing of their language acquisition, specifically on their pronunciation, vocabulary building, and syntax.
Native Argument: Language is origin since the human was born.
Cognitive Argument: Language is general skill, as same as other skill such as, walking, running, jumping and etc.

When you are looking for chapter report or summarizing of my learning on introduction to psycholinguistics, you can used this article, which are based on John Field Books.