Tuesday, November 13, 2012

Sub classification of adjuncts


Adjuncts
Syntactic features of adjuncts can be:
-         Come within the scope of predication pro-forms or predication ellipsis.
-         The focus of limiter adverbials such as only
-         The focus of additive adverbials such as also
-         The focus of a cleft sentence
Adverb Phrases as Adjuncts can often :
1.Constitute a comparative construction
2.Have premodifying however to form the opening of a dependent adverbial clause
3.Have premodifying how, a pro-form for intensifiers in questions or exclamations.
4.Have premodifying so followed by subject-operator inversion and a correlative clause.


Sub classification of adjuncts
Sub classification of adjuncts
Sub classification of adjuncts
Disjuncts
Most disjuncts are prepositional phrases or clauses. It can be divided into 2 main classes: STYLE DISJUNCTS (by far the smaller class) and ATTITUDINAL DISJUNCTS.
·        Style disjuncts: it conveys the speaker’s comment on the form of what he is saying; defining in some way under what conditions he is speaking. Common adverbs as style disjuncts include: bluntly, briefly, frankly…
·        Attitudinal disjuncts: it conveys the speaker’s comment on the comment of what he is saying. They can generally appear only in declarative clauses. Attitudinal disjuncts can appear in almost any position; the normal position for-most is initial.

Conjucts
Most conjuncts are adverb phrases or prepositional phrases.
-         Position of conjuncts
The normal position for most conjuncts is initial. Some conjuncts are restricted, or virtual restricted. Medial positions are rare for most conjuncts, and final position rarer still. Virtual all conjuncts can appear with questions.
-         Conjuncts as correlatives
Sometimes the logical relationship between a subordinate clause and the following superordinate clause is emphasized by adding a conjunct to the latter. The major difference is that the second states his property as a fact, where as in the first his property is presupposed as given information. Correlative with concession and cause are chiefly found in formal use.
-         Conjunctions for clauses with conjuncts
A clause containing a conjunct may be linked to a preceding clause by one of the coordinators (and, or ,but). Two of these conjuncts – however and though- cannot follow the conjunction immediately

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