Wednesday, August 14, 2013

Process of Words Formation, George Yule

This is theory how translator create a new words from Process of Words Formation by George Yule.

1. Coinage
One of the least common processes of word formation in English is coinage. Coinage is the invention of totally new terms. Older examples are aspirin, nylon, vaseline and zipper; more recent examples are granola, kleenex, teflon and xerox or google (from googol, the number 1 followed by 100 zeros). Now the name of google are become anything which is refers to its function or company.

Monday, July 29, 2013

Speech Act Theory: Taxanomies of Acts and Multiple functions & indirect acts



            Taxanomies of Acts
Although Austin (1962: chapter 12) proposes a classification of speech acts, Searle (1979), argues that Austin’s taxonomy does not maintain a clear distinction between illocutionary verbs and acts.
Five classes of speech acts:
  1. Representative, such as asserting (penegasan), description
            “The earth is round.”
            Boss: “This isn’t your private army.”
  1. Directives, such as requesting
            “Don’t touch that!”
  1. Commissives, such as promising
            “I’m going to get it right next time.”
  1. Expressive, such as thanking, apology
            “I’m really sorry”
  1. Declarative, such as appointing
            Priest: I now pronounce you husband and wife.
            Boss: I’m telling you to go by the book.


Saturday, June 29, 2013

Speech Act Theory:Propositional, Preparatory, Sincerity, and Essential Conditions



             Searle: from conditions to rule
Speech act is the basic unit of communication.
“Tindak tutur adalah bagian paling dasar dari komunikasi”
Speech acts are acts characteristically performed by uttering expression.

Speech act becomes crux (most important) in study the language, meaning, and communication.
Speech act becomes a competence of the linguist.
Speech act theory analyzes the way meaning and acts are linguistically communicated.

Wednesday, May 29, 2013

Speech Act Theory: Constatives, locutionary, illocutionary and perlocutinary



2.1.2 Constatives
Constatives: Utterances that can be verified as true or false. These utterances were typically in the form of assertions or statements.
For example:
“The cat is on the mat”
“I promise to be there”
If the listeners do not belief the cat is on the mat or he/she will not be there, then the constatives will be untruth.
“I come from to Jambi”

Wednesday, April 3, 2013

Speech Act Theory 1



This material of speech Act Theory 1 is the first part of 3 parts of the speech act theory according my lecturing note and presentation on the subjects of discourse analysis in linguistics. My discourse analysis on speech act theory was base on review of the book “Approaches to Discourse” by Deborah Schiffrin, published by Blackwell in 1995. There are four parts in the chapter of Speech act theory; I make 3 parts separately publish in my blog. Speech act theory 1 is part 1 and an half of part 2. Part one of speech act theory 1 is introduction to speech act and an half of part two is about Defining Speech Act Theory, from Austin explanation. I make some example of the explanation in form of Bahasa Indonesia not in form of English language.
 This is introduction of SpeechAct Theory 1

Sunday, March 31, 2013

“Pragmatics” books by George Yule Section 2



Section 2
Reading
“Pragmatics” books by George Yule


Chapter 1
Definition and Background
-          Text 1
Question:
            Do you think that pragmatics is the study of all action, or should it be limited to only certain action?
Answer: Yes, pragmatics is the study of all action. Pragmatics could be limited to only certain action in terms of spontaneous action. Some spontaneous actions have no meaning, such as cough, blink, sneeze, yawning or etc.

Thursday, March 28, 2013

Pragmatics 2 and 5 Reference & Inference, Presupposition & Entailment, And Discourse & Culture



Pragmatics 2 and 5 Reference & Inference, Presupposition & Entailment, And Discourse & Culture

Function: asking, question
Language skill are, listening > speaking > reading > writing
What is Pragmatic? Pragmatics is study to politeness, such as the way how we introducing something to someone.